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Castles, Manors and Citadels



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Castle Heemstede

Castle Heemstede

Castle Heemstede is a castle in the municipality houten, at the gelijknamige place of residence Heemstede. The house was built in 1645 in Dutch Classistische style. There is a restaurant inside, wich has got on star in the Michelin restaurant guide.
Rating of 407/27/2006389Google Earth Logo
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Loewenburg

Loewenburg

The castle was build from 1793 to 1800. Heinrich Christoph Jussow designed it like the english knight castles.
Rating of 407/27/2006358Google Earth Logo
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Rocroi enclosure overlay

Rocroi enclosure overlay

This is a replacement file for already existing one.
The first fortifications of Rocroi were constructed by Henri II in the 16th century. The French King had a pentagonal, bastionned wall built around the town. The decision to fortify Rocroi was made when the Emperor Charles V began the construction of Fort Charlemont at Givet.

In 1643, the Spanish attempted to invade Fra...
No rating yet07/25/2006323Google Earth Logo
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Fort Chapus (ile d oleron)

Fort Chapus (ile d oleron)

Colbert, the naval minister of Louis XIV decided in 1666 to build a major naval shipyard and arsenal in Rochefort, leading to a complete overhaul of the coastal fortifications of the Aunis county.

Among these fortifications, it was decided to build a fort at the headland of the Chapus near the village of Bourcefranc. This fort had the task of preventing any naval circumvallation...
Rating of 307/24/2006496Google Earth Logo
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Fort de La Pree (ile de Re)

Fort de La Pree (ile de Re)

Previously built by order of Richelieu against Protestants standing in La Rochelle, then modified by Vauban, this 17th-century fortress is the oldest fortification of the Île de Ré.
Rating of 407/24/2006432Google Earth Logo
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Bergues enclosure

Bergues enclosure

Originally the town consisted of two separate centres with no obvious link until the 15th century. A small western settlement, established in the 10th century by Count Baudouin II of Flanders, was protected against Viking raids by a circular enclosure comprising an earth bank and water-filled ditch. To the east a keep was probably erected in the 11th century on the 'Groenberg', the green hill, ...
No rating yet07/24/2006375Google Earth Logo
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Saint-Martin-de-Re enclosure and citadel

Saint-Martin-de-Re enclosure and citadel

Saint-Martin-de-Ré became famous during one of the nemerous wars between france and England in 17th century. A single citadel was then built by order of Richelieu to control access of La Rochelle.
In 1627, just after the completion, the duke of Buckingham landed his forces at Sablonceaux to help La Rochelle (a protestant town at that time). Marshal de Toiras was forced to retreat into t...
Rating of 407/21/2006509Google Earth Logo
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Langres enclosure and citadel

Langres enclosure and citadel

As the capital of the Romanized Celtic tribe the Lingones, it was called Andematunnum, then Lingones, and now Langres.

The town is built on a limestone promontory of the same name. This stronghold was originally occupied by the Gauls, and, at a later date the Romans fortified the town belonging to the Celtic tribe the Lingones; Andemantunum the strategic cross-roads of twelve Rom...
No rating yet07/21/20061,087Google Earth Logo
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Lastours 4 Castles

Lastours 4 Castles

This unusual arrangement of four castle towers (Las Tours, The Towers)standing as a unique fortification belonged to the Lords of Cabaret, who held in fief from the Trencavels.
In the thirteenth century there were only three towers here, built on the same rocky outcrop. They are called Cabaret (to the north), Surdespine and Quertinheux (to the south). The towers stand on a hill crest a...
No rating yet07/21/2006321Google Earth Logo
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Saint-Malo enclosure and fortifications

Saint-Malo enclosure and fortifications

Saint-Malo during the Middle Ages was a fortified island at the mouth of the Rance River, controlling not only the estuary but the open sea beyond. The promontory fort of Alet, south of the modern centre in what is now the Saint-Servan district, commanded approaches to the Rance even before the Romans, but modern Saint-Malo traces its origins to a monastic settlement founded by Saint Aaron and ...
Rating of 407/21/2006553Google Earth Logo
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Montmedy citadel

Montmedy citadel

In 1221, the first castle of Montmédy has been built on top of a hill by Lord de Chiny. Montmédy became soon the capital of his territory - later it belonged to Luxemburg, Burgundy, Austria and Spain.
The original castle was replaced with a fortress by Karl V in the 16th century. After Marville and Stenay had been occupied by the French, 30,000 soldiers, including King Louis XIV, attacke...
Rating of 307/21/2006505Google Earth Logo
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Mont-Dauphin citadel

Mont-Dauphin citadel

This very impressive and very fortified hilltop site overlooks the Durance river, 4 km west of Guillestre. Mont-Dauphin (variously spelled Mont Dauphin and Montdauphin) is the smallest geographical commune in the department, with a total of 58 ha.
The site commands an impressive view in all directions, and there are open grassy areas to wander while enjoying scenery of the surrounding mo...
Rating of 407/21/2006405Google Earth Logo
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Ile d Aix enclosure and fortifications

Ile d Aix enclosure and fortifications

During the Roman period, it seems the island was connected to the continent at low tide. She finally took her current shape around 1500.At the end of the 12th century, France and England fought for the possession of the island. Until 1286, the island was located at the boundary between the French and the English "Saintonge", formed by the estuary of the Charente River.
During the Hundred...
Rating of 307/21/2006408Google Earth Logo
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Carcassonne enclosure

Carcassonne enclosure

Carcassonne (Carcassona in Occitan) is a fortified French town, in the Aude department.
It is separated into the fortified Cité de Carcassonne and the more expansive lower city, the ville basse. Fortifications consists of a double ring of ramparts and 53 towers.
The folk etymology, involving a châtelaine named Carcas, a ruse ending a siege and the joyous ringing of bells ("Carcas...
Rating of 407/21/2006425Google Earth Logo
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Castle of Bernhard II.

Castle of Bernhard II.

Bernhard II. was born 1140 in the Castle Lipperode and he died 1224 in Mesothen. He was a follower of Henry the Lion. The castle has been destoyed in 1177 by enemies from cologne.
Rating of 4.507/20/2006530Google Earth Logo
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Guerande enclosure

Guerande enclosure

Guérande is a city of c. 10,000 inhabitants, located on the Guérande peninsula, 80 km west of Nantes and 6 km north of La Baule, the most important sea resort in the area.

The city is still surrounded by walls built in the XIV-XVth centuries. On 12 April 1365 was signed in Guérande the treaty which ended the Breton Succession War. In 1488, duchess Ann of Brittany signed in Guéran...
Rating of 407/20/2006393Google Earth Logo
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castello Caetani, Sermoneta

castello Caetani, Sermoneta

Sermoneta is a small and cute village located on the hills behind Latina, in the Lazio region in Italy.
The castle is reported being built in the half of XIII century.

Additional info about Sermoneta and the castle can be found at: http://www.sermoneta.it/
No rating yet07/19/2006317Google Earth Logo
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Toul enclosure overlay

Toul enclosure overlay

Toul was known to the Romans as Tullum Leucorum, and was the capital of the Gaulish tribe of the Leuci.

In 870, by the Treaty of Meersen, Toul became part of East Francia, the later known as Holy Roman Empire. During the High Middle Ages, it became an imperial free city. Toul was annexed to France by King Henry II in 1552; this was recognized by the Holy Roman Empire in the Peace...
Rating of 407/18/2006349Google Earth Logo
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Aigues-Mortes enclosure

Aigues-Mortes enclosure

Aigues-Mortes is a town and commune in the Gard département, in southern France, famous for the well-preserved city walls surrounding the city.

The foundation of the city is attributed to Marius Caius, around 102 BC, but the first document mentioning a place called "Ayga Mortas" (dead waters) dates from the 10th century.

Louis IX of France (Saint Louis) rebuilt the...
Rating of 407/18/2006349Google Earth Logo
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Bitche  citadel

Bitche citadel

The town of Bitche, which was formed of the villages of Rohr and Kaltenhausen in the 17th century, derives its name from the old stronghold (mentioned in 1172 as Bytis Castrum) standing on a rock some 80 m. above the town.

The citadel, which had been constructed by Vauban on the site of the old castle after the capture of Bitche by the French in 1624, had been destroyed when it w...
Rating of 3.507/16/2006539Google Earth Logo
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Broughty Castle - Broughty Ferry, UK

Broughty Castle - Broughty Ferry, UK

Broughty Castle is a historic castle in Broughty Ferry, Scotland, completed around 1495 Although the site may have been first fortified in 1454 when the fourth Earl of Angus received permission to build on the site. The main tower house forming the centre of the castle with four floors was built by Lord Gray who was granted the castle in 1490.
Rating of 3.33333333307/16/2006707Google Earth Logo
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Forte Michelangelo, Civitavecchia

Forte Michelangelo, Civitavecchia

This fortress has been strongly wanted by Pope Giulo II at the beginning of the XVI century, to improve the defense of the town from the pirates that were coming through the sea. The architect was Bramante, but he died in 1514 before the entire fortress was finished (1535) when the pope was Paolo III. The top part of the "Maschio" has been completed by Michelangelo.
No rating yet07/16/2006615Google Earth Logo
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Neuf-Brisach enclosure

Neuf-Brisach enclosure

In 1648, the Treaty of Westphalia gave France possession of Breisach, on the right bank of the Rhine. This town was fortified by Vauban under the orders of Louis XIV and gave France an important bridgehead on the right bank of the Rhine. Breisach flourished, and so many people came to the town that it spread onto an island in the river, named Ville Neuve (new town). A fort was also built on thi...
Rating of 407/15/2006593Google Earth Logo
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Brouage enclosure

Brouage enclosure

Founded in 1555 by Jacques Pons for the trade of salt, Brouage rapidly became one of the most important ports on the atlantic coasts. Under the orders of Richelieu, Pierre d'Argencourt put up the fortifications.
Champlain was born here and Marie Mancini went into exile there.
No rating yet07/10/2006320Google Earth Logo
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Salses Castle

Salses Castle

This half buried in the ground fortress has been built between 1497 and 1504, by the Spanish architect Francisco Ramiro Lopez for the King Ferdinand of Aragon, King of Spain during the discovery of the New World on the place of the earlier castle, which stood there. The Salses Castle has been built to withstand the metal cannon bullets. Besieged it could house for months the garrison of 1500 me...
Rating of 307/10/2006359Google Earth Logo
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