Description: Softball is a team sport in which a ball, eleven to twelve inches (28 to 30.5 centimeters) in diameter, is thrown by a player called a pitcher and hit by an offensive player called a batter with a round, smooth stick called a bat. Scoring is accomplished by the batter running and touching a series of four markers on the ground called bases. Softball is a direct descendant of baseball, which is sometimes referred to as hardball to distinguish the two, but differs from it in several ways. This article assumes no knowledge of baseball.
The sport's governing body, the International Softball Federation holds world championships, held every four years, in several categories.