Description: China's first launch center, also known as Shuang Cheng Tzu. It was China's first ballistic missile and satellite launch centre. The Jiuquan Airport was 75 km south of the site. A dedicated railway at Jiuquan went directly to the launch site. Jiuquan?s facilities provided support for every phase of a satellite launch campaign. It included the Technical Centre, the Launch Complex, the Launch Control Centre, the Mission Command and Control Centre, propellant fuelling system, tracking systems, communications systems, gas supply systems, weather forecast systems, and logistic support systems. Jiuquan was originally used to launch scientific and recoverable satellites into medium or low earth orbits at high inclinations.