Description: The Canadian National Vimy Memorial is a memorial site in France dedicated to the commemoration of the Battle of Vimy Ridge and Canadian Expeditionary Force members who were killed during the World War I. The 91-hectare (220-acre) preserved battlefield park that surrounds the monument encompasses the grounds over which the Canadian Corps made their assault during the Battle of Vimy Ridge, a military engagement fought as part of the Battle of Arras.
The Battle of Vimy Ridge was the first occasion during which all four divisions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force participated in a battle together. France granted Canada the land at Vimy Ridge in perpetuity for the purpose of a battlefield park and memorial in 1922, in recognition of Canada's war efforts. The grounds of the site are still honeycombed with wartime tunnels, trenches, craters and unexploded munitions, and are largely closed off for public safety. Along with preserved trench lines, there are a number of memorials and cemeteries contained within the site.
The memorial took monument designer Walter Seymour Allward eleven years and $1.5 million to build and was unveiled on 26 July 1936 by King Edward VIII, in the presence of President Albert Lebrun of France and 50,000 or more Canadian and French veterans and their families. The monument was rededicated, following an extensive restoration, on 7 April 2007 by Queen Elizabeth II. The memorial site is one of only two Canadian National Historic Sites located outside of Canada and has become a Canadian nationalistic symbol of achievement and sacrifice.