Description: The Nusretiye Mosque was erected between 1823 and 1826 by Mahmud II (1784-1839) as part of a larger project to rebuild the Tophane artillery barracks that burnt in the Firuzaga fire. It is located off the Western shore of the Bosphorus, below Tophane or the Canon Foundry established by Mehmed II (1432-1481) and was built on the former site of the Mosque of the Artillery Barracks (Tophane-i Amire Arabacilar Kislasi Camii) built by Selim III (1789-1807). In style, the mosque signifies a transition from Ottoman baroque to empire style. Its architect is Krikor Balyan (1764-1831), who is the first in nine architects belonging to the Armenian Balyan family who served the royal family throughout the nineteenth century. <br />
The mosque was named Nusretiye or Victory, in celebration of the sultan's recent abolition of the rebellious janissary troops in favor of a new western-style army -- an event known in Ottoman history as Vaka-i Hayriye or the auspicious event. <br />
(Reference "http://archnet.org/library/sites/one-site.tcl?site_id=7443)<br />
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