Description: The Republic of Singapore is an island city-state in Southeast Asia, situated on the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. The name Singapore was derived from Malay word singa (lion) and the Sanskrit word pura (city).
Established as a trading port by the British in the early 19th century, Singapore became a centre of British influence in Southeast Asia. Upon achieving independence from Malaysia in 1965, Singapore rapidly developed into a successful free-market economy with one of the highest per capita gross domestic products in the world, and is a major finance and transport hub in the region. Singapore has a low crime rate and has been consistently rated as one of the least corrupt countries in the world.