|Marienburg in East Prussia was the home of a Focke-Wulf aircraft assembly plant where half of all Fw-190's were produced. The first big raid by the 8th Air Force was on this well defended plant. A survivor is quoted as saying: "Coming back, the Germans were up in full force and we lost at least 80 ships-800 men, many of them pals". |
The plant was destroyed in this daylight raid by USAAF bombers that was one of the first demonstrations of the effectiveness of precision bombing. OSS’s Research and Analysis Branch (R&A), Enemy Objectives Unit worked with British and Polish intelligence to locate the factory.