|Lorient housed a German submarine base during World War II; although the city was heavily damaged by Allied bombing raids, the base survived through the end of the war. As they could not destroy the base itself, the Allies decided to bomb the city, on purpose, to cut the supplying of the U-Boats. Without gasoline, food, or water it became impossible for these submarines to return to the Atlantic. Between the 14 of January 1943 and the 17 of February 1943 as many as 500 explosive bombs and more than 60,000 incendiary bombs were dropped on the town. Lorient was almost utterly destroyed, with nearly 90% of the city flattened. |
Today the former submarine base of Keroman is open to the public and can be visited year-round. During the tour one can see the different pens of the block K3 and go through the roof (3,40m to 7m thick) to a former anti aircraft defence tower. From it there is a view of the harbor and of the former headquarters of Karl Dönitz in Lorient.