|Bombing of Leuna Factory of the I.G.Farbenindustrie A.G. near Merseburg near Merseburg, Germany - Mission #152 of the 303rd BG, 12 May 1944|
The Leuna Factory of the I.G.Farbenindustrie A.G. near Merseburg is the biggest heavy chemical plant in Germany. Its principal products are ammonia, synthetic petrol derived from the hydrogenation of brown coal, and synthetic alcohols made from hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The factory was the largest synthetic oil factory for the German war effort in WWII and bombing raids caused it to be repeatedly repaired by replacing parts with manpower. Because of its importance to the Nazi war effort, the area was heavily defended by antiaircraft guns and became one of the most dreaded flak zones in Europe.
Photo taken from: B-17F #42-3398 Mrs. Satan-Queen of Hell 360BS — Altitude: 25,800 feet, Time: 14:10, Pilot: 1Lt Donald M. Johnston
Note: This mission was the final 303rd BG(H) mission to use an “F” model B-17. B-17F #42-3398 Mrs. Satan - Queen of Hell (360BS), piloted by 1Lt Donald M. Johnston, was the last B-17F to fly a 303rd BG(H) combat mission.