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Google Earth Plug-in: Murud Janjira Fort, Raigadh

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Murud-Janjira is the local name for a fort situated at the coastal village of Murud, in the Raigad district of Maharashtra, India. It is famous for being the only fort along India's western coast that remained undefeated despite Dutch and English East India Company attacks. The word Janjira may have originated after the Arabic word Jazeera, which means an island. Some of the people also split the name as "Jal Jeera" meaning fort in the water. The State of Murud-Janjira was known to the Maratha Empire as Habsan, the land of the Habshis. Murud-Janjira Fort situated on a rock of oval shape near the port town of Murud, 165km south of Mumbai, Janjira is one of the strongest marine forts of India (the word ‘Janjira’ is a corruption of the Arabic word Jazira for island). The forts is approached by sailboats from Rajapuri jetty. The fort has 19 rounded bastions, still intact. There are many canons of native and European make rusting on the bastions. Now in ruins, the fort in its heyday had all necessary facilities, Originally the fort was small wooden structure built by a Koli chief in the late 15th century. It was captured by Pir Khan, a general of Nizamshah of Ahmednagar. Later the fort was strengthened by Malik Ambar, the Abyssinian Siddi regent of Ahmednagar kings. From then onward Siddis became independent, owing allegiance to Adilshah and the Mughals as dictated by the times. The palace of the Nawabs of Janjira at Murud is still in good shape.

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