Paderborn is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the district Paderborn. Geographical location 51°43′ N 8°45′ E, population approx. 144,000, of which approx. 8% are students at the local university and about 10.000 are members or former members of the British Armed Forces. The vast majority of the Armed Forces' members and families are located in the ward of Sennelager due to the proximity of a large barracks on Bielefelder Straße.
The name of the city derives from the fact that the river Pader originates in more than 200 springs near the cathedral of Paderborn where St. Liborius is buried. The Pader is Germany's shortest river. See also Rivers of Germany.
It is the headquarters of the former Nixdorf computer company, bought by Siemens in the early 1990s and known as Siemens-Nixdorf for about 10 years.
Paderborn is also home of the brewery "Brauerei Paderborner" and home of the football club SC Paderborn 07, which achieved fame in 2005 by advancing to the 2nd Bundesliga for the first time. In August 2004, the football club scored what was originally believed to be one of the biggest upsets in recent German football history when it defeated Bundesliga side Hamburger SV in a German Cup tie. However, the match ended up becoming infamous as one of many matches fixed by disgraced referee Robert Hoyzer in one of the biggest sporting scandals of recent decades.
Paderborn has the biggest computer museum in the world, the Heinz Nixdorf Museums Forum .
Every year, Paderborn hosts the German Open of Robo-soccer.
The tree Irminsul was supposedly located near Paderborn.
St. Liborius is celebrated every year in Paderborn with the Liborifest in July, although the ensuing festivities have little to do with the saint himself.
Paderborn remains a focal point in Germany for American sports - the local baseball team, the Paderborn Untouchables, have won countless German championships, and the local American Football team, the Paderborner Dolphins, have also enjoyed considerable success.
Paderborn is the home of one of Germany's most successful Junior Enterprises in consulting & business: Campus Consult (Campus Consult Website). It is a non-profit educational and social organization, official partner of the University of Paderborn and successful in teaching entrepreneurship, management skills and business networking since 1993.