|The Republic of Singapore is an island city-state in Southeast Asia, situated on the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. The name Singapore was derived from Malay word singa (lion) and the Sanskrit word pura (city).|
Established as a trading port by the British in the early 19th century, Singapore became a centre of British influence in Southeast Asia. Upon achieving independence from Malaysia in 1965, Singapore rapidly developed into a successful free-market economy with one of the highest per capita gross domestic products in the world, and is a major finance and transport hub in the region. Singapore has a low crime rate and has been consistently rated as one of the least corrupt countries in the world.