| As part of the Oudinot Accords (20/08/1988), which complemented the Matignon Accords signed between the French government and the two major political parties of New Caledonia, the RPCR and the FLNKS, and at the suggestion of Jean-Marie Tjibaou, the signatories agreed to found the Agency for the Development of Kanak Culture (A.D.C.K.) to replace the old "Office Culturel Scientifique et Technique Canaque". A State Council Decree (n° 89-524, of 27/07/89) formalised the A.D.C.K.'s status as a National Public Establishment with Administrative Functions, and set four objectives for the newly created Agency: |
To promote and preserve the Kanak archaeological and linguistic heritage;
To encourage contemporary modes of expression within the Kanak culture, particularly in the fields of crafts, audiovisual presentations and artistic creativity;
To promote cultural exchanges, particularly within the South Pacific region;
To identify and carry out research programmes.
The Agency was also instructed to have its headquarters designed and built on a site located in the Noumea suburb of Magenta,on a large piece of land donated for the purpose by the Noumea town council in 1992. This was the beginning of the Tjibaou cultural centre project.
The original founding Decree was amended twice:
once on June 8, 1999 (Decree n° 99/480), to give the Agency authority to negotiate on its own behalf,
and again on December 1st, 1999 (Decree n° 99/1024), to enshrine the now accepted spelling of the term Kanak (formerly "Canaque", considered derogatory), to replace representatives of the cultural districts by members of the Customary Senate on the Agency's Board of Directors, and to give the Chairman of the Board the authority to invite advisors of his choice to the meetings of the Board.