|The Kiev TV Tower (Ukrainian: Телевезійна вежа, Televiziina vezha; Russian: Киевская телебашня, Kievskaya telebashnya) is a 385 meter high lattice steel tower built in 1973 in Kiev, Ukraine. It is the highest lattice steel construction in the world and used for radio and television broadcasting. The tower is not open to the public.|
Construction of the tower began in 1968 and finished in 1973. The entire structure weighs 2700 metric tons. It is made entirely of steel pipe of various diameters and thicknesses. It has a four legged base on which the central cylindrical core sits. The central pipe, or core, (where the elevator is located) is 4 meters in diameter and made of pipe that is 12 mm thick. The four legged base is approximately 100 meters tall. Atop the base is an enclosed level which houses microwave transmitting and receiving equipment. At about 200 meters is a second enclosed level that houses television and FM transmitters, as well as a control and maintenance shop. This second level is the elevator's terminus.
The tower is unique in that no mechanical fasteners are used in the structure. Every joint, pipe and fixture is attached by welding. Although the Ukraine was a part of the USSR at the time of the tower's construction, the entire structure was designed and built by Ukrainian engineers, and welders. All material used to build the tower (including pipes, steel, and fabrication machinery) was produced in the Ukraine.