|Ullevi or Ullevi Stadium, formerly named Nya Ullevi, meaning New Ullevi, to distinguish it from Gamla Ullevi, is a stadium in Gothenburg, Sweden. The stadium is also the biggest in Scandinavia. It was opened in 1958, its original use was as a venue for the 1958 World Cup. Since then, it has hosted numerous sports events, notably football, athletics, speedway and speed skating. It has an all-seated capacity of 43,000 and a total capacity of 60,000 for concerts.|
The record attendance for football is 52,194 and was set on 3 June 1959, when IFK Göteborg played Örgryte IS. The record for any event is 64,312 (including field-level seating) for a Bruce Springsteen concert on 8 June 1985. The 1985 concert became legendary because Springsteen - with the help of a very enthusiastic audience - almost rocked the stadium to pieces, literally. As the city rests on a layer of clay, the rhythmic movement of tens of thousands of people was close to causing a structural collapse. Even though Bruce Springsteen has made several more visits since, it is unlikely he will manage to repeat his feat as the concrete pillars supporting the stadium have since been extended down to solid bedrock. The record for the stadium after being partially rebuilt was set by Swedish rock band Gyllene Tider on 7 August 2004, with an attendance of 58,977. Also, British heavy metal band Iron Maiden filmed their concert here in 2005, and have filled the venue at several times. During the 1980's, the stadium played host to the 1983 Uefa Cup Winners Cup final which saw Aberdeen beat Real Madrid 2-1 after extra time.
Ullevi was used for several matches in EURO 92, including the final. It also hosted the 1995 World Championships in Athletics, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup finals in 1983 and 1990, and the UEFA Cup final in 2004. It is also the host for the opening ceremony and final games in the Gothia Cup, the world's largest football tournament. Ullevi was also the venue for the 2006 European Championships in Athletics.
Less known, it was also the venue for the first game between NFL teams ever played on the European continent, as Minnesota Vikings faced Chicago Bears, in a pre-season game, 14 August 1988.
Since March 2007 Ullevi has one of Sweden's largest solar power plants, consisting of 600 m² of solar photovoltaic panels situated on the roof of the luxury boxes section. The top effect is 86,4 kW and the yield is supposed to cover the total power used by the artificial lighting used for events, with a surplus.