|The Fortress of Sagres, also referred to as Castle or Fort of Sagres.|
Sagres is located in a dominant position crowning the Ponta de Sagres, in the southwest of the Algarve in Portugal.
From its rugged cliffs, constantly beaten by wind, the visitor enjoys a breathtaking panoramic views along the coast, especially in the coves Sagres, Cape São. Vincente (extreme southwest of Europe) and the immensity of the Atlantic Ocean.
The fort itself and its surroundings, built in the Natural Park of Southwest Alentejo and Costa Vicentina, offer the possibility of a close look at the natural heritage of the coast, especially with regard to flora and home to some of the most representative species of the region.
The fortification of the tip of the promontory was determined by its location and form, taking advantage of the cliff as natural defense in three of its four sides, closely linked to its excellent strategic possibilities that integrate the dictates mentioned above.
Sagres in the first half of the fourteenth century became the core of the Portuguese maritime expansion, receiving scholars and navigators of all nationalities, gathered around the Prince's School of Sagres.
After the death of Prince (1460), shifting the axis of expansion to Lisbon, the town and its fortress became less important. As a result of the distance between the Vila do Infante and the Aldeia do Bispo, where celebrated religious services, D. Manuel (1495-1521) ordered the creation of the parish of Sagres and the building of the church (1512). Later, in 1573, D. Sebastian (1568-1578) adosso two bastions at the ends of the existing wall, crucial elements in the military architecture after the advent of artillery, strategically placed in locations that optimize cross-shot.