|The Potsdam Conference was a conference held in Potsdam, Germany (near Berlin), from July 17 to August 2, 1945. The participants were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States, the largest and most powerful of the victorious Allies that defeated the Axis Powers in World War II. The heads of government of these three nations—Communist Party General Secretary Joseph Stalin, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and President Harry S. Truman, respectively.
Stalin, Churchill, and Truman—as well as Clement Attlee, who replaced Churchill after the Labour Party's defeat of the Conservatives in the 1945 general election—had gathered to decide how to administer the defeated Nazi Germany, which had agreed to unconditional surrender nine weeks earlier, on May 8 (V-E Day). The goals of the conference also included the establishment of post-war order, peace treaties issues, and countering the effects of war.