San Jose (Saint Joseph) was one of four coastal batteries built to reinforce San Luis castle, which was designed to defend the Bocachica (narrow mouth) strait, the only entrance to the bay of Cartagena. It was designed by Spanish military engineer Juan de Herrera y Sotomayor.
Antonio De ArÚvalo's plans for the fortress began in 1639. Building was complete in 1789, creating the largest fort to guard Cartagena against pirates, who besieged the city five times between during the sixteeenth century.
San Felipe was undoubtedly the greatest and strongest fortress of all the Spanish colonies.
Before the necessity to defend the city of Cartagena, port and military shipyard, of attacks by sea, were constructed between centuries XVIII and principles of the XX a series of coastal artillery batteries, the majority fortified with bastions (of the Spanish school), and other casemated ones. Some of them conserve tubes of century XVIII and other enormous tubes of principles of century XX. Th...
Smiling Budda Nuclear Test - India's First Nuclear Test
Test: Smiling Buddha
Time: 8:05, May 18, 1974 (IST)
Location: Pokhran, Thar Desert, Rajasthan, India
27.095 deg N, 71.752 E
Test Height and Type:
Underground, -107 m
Yield: 8 kt (12-13 kt claimed)
The history of the sailing ship ARC Gloria begins in 1966, when the Colombian Government, by means of Decree Number 111, authorized the National Navy, with Vice Admiral Orlando Lemaitre Torres as its commander, to acquire a Sailing-Vessel-type three-masted Barque, for the purpose of using it as the Training Ship of the Colombian Navy.
It is said that at that time, in many meeting...
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