During World War II, Operation Detroit was the insertion, by parachute and glider, of the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division into Normandy on the night of 5–6 June 1944 as part of Operation Overlord. The drop zone for the 82nd Airborne was around Sainte-Mère-Église, to the west of Utah beach, intending to protect the western flank of the invasion.
The landings took place in extremely strong wind conditions, which made the landings difficult but also ensured the element of surprise. Landings were made on the southern and eastern coasts of the island, with the British forces in the East and the Americans towards the West.
Four airborne operations were carried out, landing during the night of the July 9-10 July, as part of th...
St Martin de Varreville: 502nd Parachute Infantry Regiment and 377th Parachute Field Artillery Battalion : Seize Exits 3 and 4 at Saint-Martin-de-Varreville and Audouville-la-Hubert. Destroy the German heavy artillery battery at Saint-Martin-de-Varreville and the buildings coded WXYZ at Mezieres.
Operation Overlord. France
Overlay of the Allied and Axis formations 5th June 1945.
Main US, British and Canadian landing beaches and airborne objectives.
Note; - The German 7th Army sitting 10km to the south of the main landings. These forces sat on their hands for a crucial 24 hours whilst they tried to work out the Allied plans. This confusion was partly ...
Janes reports that the service designation Il-82 has been applied to the Il-76VPK Airborne command post or airborne communications relay (Vozdushnyye Komandnyye Punkt: Airborne Command Post) adaptation of Il-76MD known as version 65C. Two examples (SSSR- [later RA-]76450 and 76451) delivered to Zhukovsky after modifications 22 September and 30 November 1987. The two aircraft (SSSR-76450 and -76...
Fallturm Bremen is a drop tower at the Center of Applied Space Technology and Microgravity at the University of Bremen in Bremen. It has a 123-meter-high drop tube (actual drop distance is 110 m), in which for 4.74 seconds (with release of the drop cap) and/or for over 9 seconds (with the use of a catapult, installed 2004) weightlessness can be produced. The entire tower, which is formed out of...
Aerial image of the Pegasus Bridge area of Normandy taken on 6th June 1944. This was the scene of the first British landing on D-Day, when men of the 6Th Airborne Division used gliders (which can be clearly seen in the image) to land behind enemy lines and secure the bridge over the Caen Canal. This was later re-named 'Pegasus' bridge, in honour of the badge worn by the 6th Airborne.
There were eleven Dachu sub-camps near Landsberg am Lech, all with the name Kaufering, numbered I through XI. Kaufering I and Kaufering IV had been designated as sick camps for prisoners who could no longer work. Kaufering IV was liberated by the 12th Armored Division on April 27, 1945 with help from soldiers in the 101st Airborne Division, who arrived on April 28, 1945.
First US troops in Berlin were from the 2nd "Hell on Wheels" Armored Division who were soon replaced by elements of the 82nd "All American" Airborne Division and 78th "Lightening" Infantry Division. Shortly, these two divisions were withdrawn; replaced by the 3rd "Old Guard" Infantry Regiment which was inactivated in 1946. 3rd Battalion, ...
In July 1944, after two weeks and a half of offensive, the Ist American Army under General Bradley had lost 40,000 men for an insignificant gain of land. The hoped breakthrough still did not occur west of Saint-Lô. That was the reason why the Operation Cobra was set out. The manoeuvre must concentrate an enormous force upon one sector of the front line, to obtain the breakthrough. The assault s...
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