On 19.09.1944 at 15:03 119 B17 of 447th Bomb Group (mission: #146) dropped 244,3 tons of bombs on the marschalling yard Koblenz-Mosel and the Rhine bridges. A railroad AA-gun was also destroyed. The air raid caused 144 deads and 133 injured people.
About 40 years later a plaque was installed in the city to commemorate the victims of the bomb war.
Of 380 B-17s dispatched, all hit targets of opportunity, i.e., marshalling yards at Koblenz (87), Dillenburg (39), Limburg (37) and Darmstadt (24); bridges at Limburg (35), Koblenz (25) and a bridge over the Rhine River at Koblenz (13); and Wiesbaden (38), Wetzlar (14), the railroad line at Koblenz (13) and Wiesbaden Airfield (12); 4 B-17s are lost and 159 damaged; 3 airmen are WIA and 37 WIA. ...
Festung Ehrenbreitstein is a fortress on the same-named mountain on the right side of the Rhine opposite to the town of Koblenz. It was built as the backbone of the regional fortification system, Festung Koblenz, by Prussia between 1817 and 1832 and guarded the middle Rhine region, an area that had been invaded by French troops repeatedly before. The fortress was never attacked.
Koblenz, the city at the confluence of River Rhine and River Mosel, was established more than 2,000 years ago by Romans. They called it "Castrum ad Confluentes" (castle at the confluence). The next 2,000 years the name changed (Confluentes -> Covelenz -> Cobelenz -> Coblenz -> Koblenz).
Later it was frequently the residence of t...
128 Lancasters of No 3 Group to the new target of Koblenz, making a night G-H attack. 2 Lancasters lost. This was a successful raid with most of the damage being caused by a large area of fire in the centre of the town. The British Bombing Survey Unit later estimated that 303 acres, 58 per cent of the town's built-up area, were destroyed.
On Feb 23, 1945, the 398th Bomb Group Low Squadron Lead in A/C 44-8476 led by Major Jean Miller, 603rd Squadron and Captain Kenneth W. Beckstrom, 603rd Squadron hit Lichtenfels, Germany with 13 planes from 13,000 ft. as a "target of opportunity." Lichtenfels is about halfway between Frankfurt and Eger, Czechoslovakia (now called Cheb).
27 B-26's from the 42nd Bomb Wing were over the target and 9 B-26's dropped 72 x 500 lb. demolition bombs in the first bomb run at 11:51 hours from 10.500 ft and 18 B-26's dropped 144 x 500 lb. demolition bombs at 12:01 hours from 11.600 to 10.800 ft. on the second bomb run.
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