Marienburg in East Prussia was the home of a Focke-Wulf aircraft assembly plant where half of all Fw-190's were produced. The first big raid by the 8th Air Force was on this well defended plant. A survivor is quoted as saying: "Coming back, the Germans were up in full force and we lost at least 80 ships-800 men, many of them pals".
72 aircraft - 29 Lancasters, 22 Halifaxes, 21 Stirlings - were dispatched on an interesting raid. All the aircraft were provided by No 8 Group and it was really a mass H2S trial. 33 of the aircraft carried markers or flares, the remaining aircraft acting as the bombing force, although the marker aircraft also bombed. The marking and bombing were very accurate and the whole raid lasted less than...
173 Lancasters of No 3 Group carried out a G-H raid on Solingen. 1 Lancaster lost. Results of the raid were not observed, because of the complete cloud cover, but German reports show that this was an outstanding success. Most of the bombing fell accurately into the medium-sized town of Solingen. 1,300 houses and 18 industrial buildings were destroyed and 1,600 more buildings were severely damaged.
Part of a vertical photographic-reconnaissance aerial taken over Munich, Germany after the raid by aircraft of Nos. 1 and 5 Groups, Bomber Command, on the night of 24/25 April 1944, showing the building complex of the Residenz, gutted by incendiary fire. Damage has also been caused to the Feldherrnhalle fronting onto Odeonsplatz (lower right), which was an important Nazi Party 'shrine'.
Yap runway (Caroline Island Group) was target on 22 June 1944 for Consolidated B-24 Liberators of 13th Air Task Force, which bombed and destroyed 16 Japanese planes set five fuel trucks afire, and completed the roundtrip of about 2,100 miles with no looses.
WWII City of Bergkamen after heavy bombing raid USAF. Picture made in February 1945. Berkamen (Northrhine-Westfalia) was one of the most destroyed small towns in Germany. Aim of the bombing raids were the coal mines and the Chemische Werke - today Schering AG
Darmstadt: 226 Lancasters and 14 Mosquitos of No 5 Group. 12 Lancasters lost, 5.3 per cent of the Lancaster force. A previous No 5 Group attack in August had failed to harm Darmstadt but, in clear weather conditions, the group's marking methods produced an outstandingly accurate and concentrated raid on this almost intact city of 120,000 people. A fierce fire...
Photograph taken on 28 June 1944, after hitting the railway bridge and yards of Migennes.
Two tracks cut and train damaged by direct hit on south edge of bridge. About three tracks blocked by debris from one hit and 4 near misses on embankment west of bridge.
Wangerooge: 482 aircraft - 308 Halifaxes, 158 Lancasters, 16 Mosquitos - of Nos 4, 6 and 8 Groups. 5 Halifaxes and 2 Lancasters lost. The raid was intended to knock out the coastal batteries on this Frisian island which controlled the approaches to the ports of Bremen and Wilhelmshaven. No doubt the experience of Antwerp, when guns on the approaches had prevented the port being used for several...
119 Halifaxes of No 4 Group and 5 Pathfinder Lancasters carried out the first raid by RAF heavies on Münster since June 1943. 2 Halifaxes were lost. Many fires were seen but smoke prevented an accurate assessment of the bombing results. A brief report from Münster describes a 'sea of fire' in the southern part of the town which could not be entered for several hours and tells of water mains des...
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