Katoomba, in the Blue Mountains, is about 85kms (about 52 miles) west of Sydney at an altitude of 950m (about 3,117ft). It is a major tourist attraction with its shear sandstone cliffs. The name Blue Mountains was given because of the blue haze when seen from the distance. This haze comes from sun reflecting on the minute particles of eucalyptus oil given off by the gum trees.
Ismail Samani Peak (from 1932ľ1962 known as Stalin Peak, from 1962ľ1998 as Communism Peak), 24,590 ft (7,495 m). Pamir Mountains are formed by the junction of the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and Hindu Kush ranges. They are among the world's highest mountains. They are also known by the Chinese name of Congling.
The Bolkar Mountains, which form the Turkish extension of the Alps, exhibit interesting geological characteristics. Made of sedimentary material such as limestone and dolomites, the range reveals excellent examples of nappes, or folds in the layers of rocks.