On August 7, 1938, prisoners from Dachau concentration camp were sent to the town of Mauthausen near Linz, Austria, to begin the construction of a new camp. The location was chosen due to its proximity to the transport hub of Linz, but also because the area was sparsely populated. Although the camp was, from the beginning of its existence, controlled by the German state, it was founded by a pri...
Gusen is the name of the biggest and most brutal Nazi concentration camp complex on Austrian territory.
On May 25, 1938, the first lots of land were acquired at Gusen by the SS-company, "Deutsche Erd- und Steinwerke GmbH" (DEST or "German Earth & Stone Works Company). At that time, the nearby concentration camp of Mauthausen was not yet founded.
Two miles north of Remagen of the B9 a narrow road leads into a little valley, called Calmuth Valley.
The present condition of the buildings can hardly even imagine what ambitious plans should be realized here again, a "film city in the West," which would have been classified in the tradition of the cities of Munich and Berlin Film.
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