Galapagos Islands map overlay
The Galapagos Islands are found 1000 kilometres (600 miles) off the west coast of Ecuador, South America. The archipelago is made up of 13 large islands, 6 smaller islands and 107 rocks and islets. The very first island is thought to have formed between 5 and 10 million years ago, as a result of tectonic activity. The youngest islands, Isabela and Fernandina...
Information provided by Ivann:
Atlasova (Остров Атласов)is a member of the Northern Kuril Islands, located off the northeast coast of its larger neighbour Paramushir. The island, which sits westwards of the main northeast to southwest trending line of t...
Lanzarote is a beautiful island that is of volcanic origin. The Spanish island, is the easternmost of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean ca. 125 km off the coast of Africa as well as 1,000 km from the Iberian Peninsula. In 1730, the island was hit by a volcanic eruption. The eruption created 32 new volcanoes with a stretch of 18 km. You know, everything that appears black is lava !
Vanuatu’s Lopevi Volcano released a plume on May 3, 2007. The same day, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite captured this image of the plume and its larger consequences. The U.S. Air Force Weather Agency reported an extensive area of vog resulting from the volcanic eruption. When gases from a volcano—particularly sulfur dioxide—react with oxygen, w...
The Cyclades, from the Greek Κυκλάδες, ("circular," modern Greek Kykládes) form an island group south-east of the mainland of Greece. They are a part of the vast number of islands which constitute the Greek archipelago in the Aegean Sea. The name was originally used to indicate those islands that formed a rough circle around the sacred island of Delos.
Anguilla is a elongated island 26 km in length and averaging around 5 km across with an area of 93 km². It is the northernmost of the Leeward Islands, located 8 km north of Saint Martin (at bottom of image) — both of which emerge from a common submarine shelf. The island is of low relief (reaching 65 m), consisting largely of limestone formations built over ancient volcanic rocks. Its low rainf...
On October 22, 2005, the Sierra Negra Volcano on Isla Isabela in the Galapagos Islands began erupting, sending ash as high as 12,800 meters (42,000 feet), according to the U.S. Geological Survey. This overlay image shows a strong plume of volcanic ash and steam flowing from the Sierra Negra Volcano on Isla Isabela and blowing to the southwest over the Pacific.
The Leeward Islands are the northern islands of the Lesser Antilles. They are called "leeward" because the prevailing winds in the area blow from south to north. Thus, the Leeward Islands are downwind, on the backside, or leeward from the Windward Islands, the group of islands that first meet the Trade Winds coming from the south.
With an age of 71,000 years, SP Mountain is the youngest volcanic feature in the northern part of the San Francisco volcanic field. This basaltic andesite cone has a sharp rimmed profile, radial symmetry, and steep flanks, all characteristic of a young volcanic feature. The cone is made of bombs and lapilli. The base of the cone is 3,900 feet (1,200 m) across and 820 feet (250 m) tall.
Hawaiian Islands (historically the Sandwich Islands) in the Pacific Ocean. All of the Islands were formed by volcanoes arising from the sea floor through a vent described in geological theory as a hotspot.
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