Campione d'Italia is an Italian town and commune of Lombardy, occupying an enclave within the Swiss canton of Ticino, separated from the rest of Italy by Lake Lugano and mountains. The enclave has a gap of less than 1 km as the crow flies, but the rough terrain means the journey by road is over 10 km.
Its status came about when Ticino chose to become part of the Swiss Confederati...
Villa Principe Leopoldo, perched atop the fabled "Golden Hill" which dominates the city of Lugano, is named after Prince Frederic Leopold of Prussia, a distinguished cavalry general and member of the German Hohenzollern Dynasty, which ascended the throne of Prussia with Frederic William in 1701 and then became first rulers of the new German empire on its creation on 1871.
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