The Bolkar Mountains, which form the Turkish extension of the Alps, exhibit interesting geological characteristics. Made of sedimentary material such as limestone and dolomites, the range reveals excellent examples of nappes, or folds in the layers of rocks.
Katoomba, in the Blue Mountains, is about 85kms (about 52 miles) west of Sydney at an altitude of 950m (about 3,117ft). It is a major tourist attraction with its shear sandstone cliffs. The name Blue Mountains was given because of the blue haze when seen from the distance. This haze comes from sun reflecting on the minute particles of eucalyptus oil given off by the gum trees.
Ismail Samani Peak (from 1932–1962 known as Stalin Peak, from 1962–1998 as Communism Peak), 24,590 ft (7,495 m). Pamir Mountains are formed by the junction of the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and Hindu Kush ranges. They are among the world's highest mountains. They are also known by the Chinese name of Congling.
The Yesilirmak (from Turkish Yesil—green; known in antiquity as the Iris), a river in Turkey, has a course of approximately 418 kilometers. The area of its basin is around 20,000 square kilometers. The river rises in the mountains of northeast Turkey, flows northwest through narrow fertile valleys, and ends in the Black Sea, near the city of Samsun. The river's highest flow is from March to Jul...