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Thread: This Day in History

  1. #16
    ṨῤἵḋểṙẊƻƻ SpiderX22's Avatar
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    We learned about this in history class...nice to actually see the battle site in GE. =)
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  2. #17
    Super Moderator Captain Hornblower's Avatar
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    Default 20.07.1944 - Failed attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler

    July 20, 1944 was a failed attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler, the leader of Germany, in his headquarter Wolfsschanze (Wolf's Lair) and subsequently take power by means of an altered Operation Walküre plan which was supposed to subdue possible unrest. The key role was played by Wehrmacht officer Claus von Stauffenberg who was in charge of the German Reserve Army's Walküre, a role which allowed him access to Hitler for reports.

    Stauffenberg and other directly involved officers were sentenced to death. At 00:10 on 21 July they were shot in the courtyard outside, possibly to prevent them from revealing Fromm's involvement. Others would have been executed as well, but at 00:30 the SS arrived on the scene and further executions were forbidden.

    Very few of the plotters tried to escape or to deny their guilt when arrested. Those who survived interrogation were given perfunctory trials before the People’s Court and its judge Roland Freisler. Eventually some 5,000 people were arrested and about 200 were executed – not all of them connected with the July 20 plot, since the Gestapo used the occasion to settle scores with many other people suspected of opposition sympathies. The first trials were held in the People's Court on 7 and 8 August 1944. Hitler had ordered that those found guilty be "hung like cattle". The treatment that had been dealt out to those executed as a result of the Rote Kapelle was that of slow strangulation using suspension from a rope attached to a slaughterhouse meathook. For the July 20 plotters piano wire was used instead.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_20_Plot
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    Last edited by Captain Hornblower; 07-20-2007 at 02:23 PM.

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    Super Moderator Captain Hornblower's Avatar
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    Default 21.07.1403 - Battle of Shrewsbury

    The Battle of Shrewsbury, at what is now Battlefield in Shropshire, was between an army led by the Lancastrian King, Henry IV, and a rebel army led by Henry "Hotspur" Percy from Northumberland.

    The battle opened with a massive archery barrage, killing or wounding many of the men before they could meet in the field. Of the two forces, the Percy's Cheshire bowmen proved generally superior. However when the two armies finally met, the greater numbers of the Royal army generally prevailed. The Percys attempted to address this imbalance with a charge, but it was premature and Henry Percy was killed. At this point the rebel forces fled the field, and a rout began. Over 300 knights and another 20,000 men-at-arms fell on the field, and thousands more died of injuries over the next few weeks.

    Henry Percy was initially buried at Whitchurch, Shropshire, but rumours soon spread that he was not really dead. In response the King had him disinterred. His body was set up in Shrewsbury impaled on a spear between two millstones, and was later quartered and put on show in the four corners of the country. In November his remains were returned to his widow.

    The battle itself and many of the people involved appear in Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 1.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Shrewsbury
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    Default 21.07.1865 - Davis Tutt jr. killed by Wild Bill Hickok

    The Wild Bill Hickok-David Tutt shootout was a gunfight that occurred on July 21, 1865 in the town square of Springfield, Missouri. The later famous Marshal and gunfighter, Wild Bill Hickok, had been engaged in a poker game with a local cowboy named David Tutt. Although they were both gamblers, David Tutt did better that day and won all of Hickok's money. As collateral for a portion of Hickok's gambling debt, Tutt took Hickok's prized gold pocket watch.

    Hickok warned Tutt not to wear the watch in public as this was a grave personal insult. Tutt ignored this and wore the watch anyway. Tutt and Hickok walked up to each other in the town square in a manner similar to 1950s cowboy television shows, which actually was unusual in most real gunfights. The fight became famous due to the distance involved. At a distance of at least 75 yards (~70 metres), they both fired one shot. Tutt missed but Hickok's shot found its target in Tutt's chest. Tutt stumbled 20 feet before succumbing to his wound and dying. Although Hickok obviously instigated the gunfight, it was considered a "fair fight", and no charges were ever filed against Hickok.

    Dave Tutt's body was buried in the City Cemetery and subsequently moved to the Maple Park Cemetery, where his grave is marked with a gravestone showing a carved pocket watch, playing cards and pistols.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wild_Bi..._Tutt_shootout
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    Super Moderator Captain Hornblower's Avatar
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    Default 21.07.1970 - Aswan Dam completed

    Aswan is a city on the first cataract of the Nile in Egypt. Two dams straddle the river at this point: the newer Aswan High Dam, and the older Aswan Dam or Aswan Low Dam. Without impoundment the River Nile would flood each year during summer, as waters from East Africa flowed down the river. These floods brought nutrients and minerals that made the soil around the Nile fertile and ideal for farming. As the population along the river grew, there came a need to control the flood waters to protect farmland and cotton fields. In a high-water year, the whole crop may be entirely wiped out, while in a low-water year there was widespread drought and famine. The aim of this water project was to prevent the river's flooding, generate electricity and provide water for agriculture.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aswan_High_Dam
    http://www.gearthhacks.com/dlfile370/Aswan-Dam.htm

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    Super Moderator Captain Hornblower's Avatar
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    Default 24.07.1847 - Salt Lake City founded

    The first Europeans to settle in the valley were the Latter-day Saints on July 24, 1847. They had traveled beyond the boundaries of the United States seeking an isolated area to practice their religion, away from the hostility they had faced in the East. Upon arrival, President of the Church Brigham Young is recorded as stating, "this is the right place," later abbreviated to simply "this is the place," after reportedly seeing the area in a vision. They found the large valley empty of any human settlement.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salt_Lake_City%2C_Utah

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    Default 25.07.2000 - Crash of AF4590

    Air France Flight 4590 was a Concorde flight from Charles de Gaulle International Airport near Paris, France to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City, New York, and operated by Air France. On July 25, 2000 it crashed in Gonesse, France. All 100 passengers and nine crew on board the flight, as well as four people on the ground, were killed.

    http://www.gearthhacks.com/dlfile394...e-Concorde.htm
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_France_Flight_4590

    Software is like entropy. It is difficult to grasp, weighs nothing, and obeys the second law of thermodynamics; i.e., it always increases.
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  8. #23
    Super Moderator Captain Hornblower's Avatar
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    Default 26.07.1932 - German training sailing ship NIOBE sinks

    On 26.07.1932 the German traing sailing vessel NIOBE capsized and sunk. 40 sailors were rescued, 69 men died.
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    Software is like entropy. It is difficult to grasp, weighs nothing, and obeys the second law of thermodynamics; i.e., it always increases.
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  9. #24
    Moderator Emeritus Appletom's Avatar
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    I sure am enjoying your series of TDIH posts Captain. Thanks for taking the time and effort.

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    Default 26.7.1908 : FBI founded

    The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) was founded. Until 1935 it was called "Office of the Chief Examiner".

  11. #26
    Super Moderator Captain Hornblower's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Appletom View Post
    I sure am enjoying your series of TDIH posts Captain. Thanks for taking the time and effort.
    Thanks, buddy
    But everybody is free to post / add a historical event of the day.

    Software is like entropy. It is difficult to grasp, weighs nothing, and obeys the second law of thermodynamics; i.e., it always increases.
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  12. #27
    Moderator Emeritus Appletom's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Captain Hornblower View Post
    But everybody is free to post / add a historical event of the day.
    But - as is so often the case - you end up doing most of the work. Face it, GEH is a much better place because you are around!

  13. #28
    Super Moderator Captain Hornblower's Avatar
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    I am just contributing as a part of an awesome community and as a one of some enthusiastical mods...

    Software is like entropy. It is difficult to grasp, weighs nothing, and obeys the second law of thermodynamics; i.e., it always increases.
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  14. #29
    Super Moderator Captain Hornblower's Avatar
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    Default 27.07.1953 - Cease-fire marks the end of the Korean War

    The Korean War began as a civil war fought from 1950–1953 on the Korean Peninsula, which had been divided by the post-World War II Soviet and American occupation zones. The civil war began on June 25, 1950, when North Korea attacked South Korea. The civil war was greatly expanded when the United Nations, led by the United States, and later China entered the conflict. The conflict ended when a cease-fire was reached on July 27, 1953.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War
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    Last edited by Captain Hornblower; 07-27-2007 at 04:10 AM.

    Software is like entropy. It is difficult to grasp, weighs nothing, and obeys the second law of thermodynamics; i.e., it always increases.
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    Default 27.7.xxxx

    1694: Bank of England was founded.

    1839: The Opium War between England and China begin. China confiscate a huge am ount of Opium from the Britons.

    1990: The last Citroen 2CV is produced at the factory in Portugal.

    1996: The bomb attack at the Olympics in Atlanta. 2 persons were killed and 111 wounded at the Centennial Olympic Park.
    Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centenn...c_Park_bombing

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