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Thread: This Day in History

  1. #121
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    Default 02.09.1666 - The Great Fire of London

    The Great Fire of London was a major conflagration that swept through the central parts of London, England, from Sunday, 2 September to Wednesday, 5 September 1666. The fire gutted the medieval City of London inside the old Roman City Wall. It threatened, but did not reach, the aristocratic district of Westminster (the modern West End), Charles II's Palace of Whitehall, and most of the suburban slums. It consumed 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches, St. Paul's Cathedral, and most of the buildings of the City authorities. It is estimated that it destroyed the homes of 70,000 of the City's ca. 80,000 inhabitants. The death toll from the fire is unknown and is traditionally thought to have been small, as only a few verified deaths were recorded. This reasoning has recently been challenged on the grounds that the deaths of poor and middle-class people were not recorded anywhere, and that the heat of the fire may have cremated many victims, leaving no recognisable remains.

    The fire started at the bakery of Thomas Farriner (or Farynor) in Pudding Lane shortly after midnight on Sunday, 2 September, and spread rapidly. The use of the major firefighting technique of the time, the creation of firebreaks by means of demolition, was critically delayed due to the indecisiveness of the Lord Mayor of London, Sir Thomas Bloodworth. By the time large-scale demolitions were ordered on Sunday night, the wind had already fanned the bakery fire into a firestorm which defeated such measures. The fire pushed north on Monday into the heart of the City. Order in the streets broke down as rumours arose of suspicious foreigners setting fires. The fears of the homeless focused on the French and Dutch, England's enemies in the ongoing Second Anglo-Dutch War; these substantial immigrant groups became victims of lynchings and street violence. On Tuesday, the fire spread over most of the City, destroying St. Paul's Cathedral and leaping the River Fleet to threaten Charles II's court at Whitehall, while coordinated firefighting efforts were simultaneously mobilising. The battle to quench the fire is considered to have been won by two factors: the strong east winds died down, and the Tower of London garrison used gunpowder to create effective firebreaks to halt further spread eastward.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Fire_of_London

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    Default 02.09.1945 - Japan signed Instrument of Surrender

    The Japanese Instrument of Surrender was the written agreement that established the armistice ending the Pacific War and with it World War II. It was signed by representatives from the Empire of Japan, the United States of America, the Republic of China, the United Kingdom, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Commonwealth of Australia, the Dominion of Canada, the Provisional Government of the French Republic, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and the Dominion of New Zealand on the deck of the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay on September 2, 1945. The date is sometimes known as Victory over Japan Day, although that designation is more frequently used to refer to the date of Emperor Hirohito's announcement of the acceptance of the terms of the Potsdam Declaration on August 15.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanes...t_of_Surrender

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    Default 02.09.490 BC: Battle of Marathon, Pheidippides Marathon run to Athens

    The Battle of Marathon, Greek Μάχη τοῡ Μαραθῶνος (Mache tou Marathonos), took place in 490 BC and was the culmination of King Darius I of Persia's first full scale attempt to conquer the remainder of Greece and incorporate it into the Persian Empire, to secure the weakest portion of his western border. Most of what is known of this battle comes from Herodotus.

    Darius first sent Mardonius, in 492 BC, via a land route to Europe to strengthen Persia's hold of Thrace and Macedon, which had been weakened by the Ionian Revolt. Although successful, most of this force perished in a storm off Mount Athos, and the remainder was forced to return to Asia, losing men along the way.[1] In 490 BC, Datis and Artaphernes were sent in a maritime operation to subjugate the Cyclades islands in the central Aegean and punish Eretria and Athens for their assistance in the Ionian revolt. Eretria was besieged and fell; then the fleet landed in Marathon bay. There they were defeated by a small force of Athenian and Plataean hoplites, despite their numerical advantage. The long run of the messenger who conveyed news of the victory to Athens became the inspiration for the marathon race, which was first staged at the 1896 Olympic Games.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Marathon

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    Default 05.09.1972 - Munich massacre

    The Munich massacre occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage by the Palestinian terrorist group Black September, a group with ties to Yasser Arafatĺs Fatah organization.

    By the end of the ordeal, the group had murdered eleven Israeli athletes and one German police officer. Five of the eight terrorists were killed by police officers during an aborted rescue attempt. The three surviving terrorists were captured, and were later released by Germany following the hijacking of a Lufthansa airliner.

    Israel responded to the massacre with Operation Wrath of God and Operation Spring of Youth, a series of Israeli air strikes and assassinations of the principal terrorist planners.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munich_Massacre

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    Default 05.09.1978 - Camp David Accords

    The Camp David Accords were signed by Egyptian President Anwar Al Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on September 17, 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David. The two agreements were signed at the White House, and were witnessed by United States President Jimmy Carter. The Accords led directly to the 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_David_Accords

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    Default 05.09.1980 - St. Gotthard Tunnel opened in Switzerland

    The St. Gotthard Tunnel in Switzerland is the third longest road tunnel in the world (the longest is LŠrdalstunnelen, which is 24.6 km (15.3 miles), and the second longest is the Zhongnanshan Tunnel). It runs from G÷schenen in the north to Airolo in the south, and is just under 16.4 kilometres (10.5 miles) in length below the St. Gotthard Pass. It links two Swiss cantons: Uri to the north and Ticino to the south.

    This road forms part of the shortest road link from Hamburg, Germany to Sicily in Italy.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gotthard_Road_Tunnel

    Software is like entropy. It is difficult to grasp, weighs nothing, and obeys the second law of thermodynamics; i.e., it always increases.
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    Post 05.09.1839: Begin of the first Opium War in China

    The Opium Wars (Simplified Chinese: 鸦片战争; Traditional Chinese: 鴉片戰爭; Pinyin: YāpiÓn ZhÓnzhēng), or the Anglo-Chinese Wars were two wars fought around the middle of the 19th century (1839-1842 and 1856-1860 respectively)[1] that were the climax of a long dispute between China and Britain. In the second war, France fought alongside Britain. Britain was smuggling opium from British India into China, and when China attempted to enforce her laws against the trade, the conflict erupted.

    China succumbed in both wars and was forced to tolerate the opium trade and sign Unequal Treaties opening several ports to foreign trade and yielding Hong Kong to Britain. Several countries followed Britain and forced unequal terms of trade onto China. This humiliation at the hand of foreign powers contributed to the Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864), to the Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901) and to the eventual downfall of the Qing Dynasty (1911).

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opium_Wars

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    Default 06.09.1620 - Mayflower departed

    The Mayflower was the famous ship that transported the Pilgrims from Plymouth, England, to Plymouth, Massachusetts (which would become the capital of Plymouth Colony) in 1620. The vessel left England on September 6, and after a gruelling journey marked by disease, the ship dropped anchor inside the hook tip of Cape Cod (Provincetown Harbor) on November 11 (dates in Old Style, Julian Calendar). The Mayflower originally was destined for the Hudson River, north of the 1607 Jamestown Settlement. However, the Mayflower went severely off-course as the winter approached and remained in Cape Cod Bay (mapped in 1602 by Gosnold).

    On March 21, 1621, all surviving passengers, who had inhabited the ship during the winter, moved ashore as Plymouth Colony, and on April 5, the Mayflower, a privately commissioned vessel, returned to England (details below).

    In 1623, a year after the death of captain Christopher Jones, the Mayflower was most likely dismantled for scrap lumber in Rotherhithe, London, England.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayflower
    http://www.gearthhacks.com/dlfile125...sachusetts.htm

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    Default 06.09.1976 - Soviet pilot fled in MiG 25

    Viktor Ivanovich Belenko was a pilot with the 513th Fighter Regiment of the Soviet Anti-Air Defense based in Chuguyevka, Primorsky Krai. His name became known worldwide on September 6th, 1976 when he successfully defected to the West, flying his Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 to Hakodate, Japan. This was the first time that Western experts were able to get a close look at the aircraft, and it revealed many secrets and surprises.

    Belenko was granted asylum by then US President Gerald Ford, and a trust fund was set up for him, granting him a very comfortable living in later years. The US interrogated and debriefed him for 5 months after his defection, and employed him as a consultant for several years thereafter.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viktor_Belenko

    Software is like entropy. It is difficult to grasp, weighs nothing, and obeys the second law of thermodynamics; i.e., it always increases.
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    Unhappy 06.09.1976: KAL flight 007 shot down by Soviet MIGs

    Korean Air Lines Flight 007, also known as KAL 007 or KE007, was a Korean Air Lines civilian airliner shot down by Soviet jet interceptors on September 1, 1983 just west of Sakhalin island. 269 passengers and crew, including US congressman Lawrence McDonald, were aboard KAL 007; there were no survivors.

    The Soviet Union stated it did not know the aircraft was civilian and suggested it had entered Soviet airspace as a deliberate provocation by the United States, the purpose being to test its military response capabilities, repeating the provocation of Korean Air Flight 902, also shot down by Soviet aircraft over the Kola Peninsula in 1978. The incident attracted a storm of protest from across the world, particularly from the United States.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Air_Flight_KAL-007

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    Talking 06.09.1982: Harpoon Missile Misfire Incident

    On September 6, 1982 a frigate, the HDMS Peder Skram, accidentally fired a Harpoon missile during maneuvers in the Kattegat. The missile traveled 34 kilometers at low level, severing several power lines before striking some trees after which it exploded. The fireball and subsequent shock wave destroyed four unoccupied summer cottages, while damaging a further 130 buildings in the immediate vicinity. No human injury was reported. This incident was also called HOVSA, in english Oooops.

    Because no one were hurt or killed it was a big laughter in Denmark. That's why

    http://www.gearthhacks.com/dlfile245...ttage-area.htm

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    Post 06.09.1989: Wrong accusations for murder

    Because of a computer error 41.000 people in Paris, France got a letter from the authorities accusing them for murder and/or prostitution insted of a message about a fine for traffic violation.

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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by sladys View Post
    On September 6, 1982 a frigate, the HDMS Peder Skram, accidentally fired a Harpoon missile during maneuvers in the Kattegat.
    It must be a popular "joke" in the Danish Navy, that accidentally Harpoon firing.
    I know about an incident, where a Danish Willemoes boat accidentally fired a Harpoon which landed smoothly on an unoccupied beach without detonating.

    Software is like entropy. It is difficult to grasp, weighs nothing, and obeys the second law of thermodynamics; i.e., it always increases.
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    Default

    I have never heard about this incident. I also didn't find anything on the Net.

    The only thing I know about is an incident by a MTB that grounded during an naval exercise at the beach of Scroby Sands in England on dec. 2. 1952. It was the motor torpedo boat Havørnen.

    Do you have more informations about it?
    Last edited by sladys; 09-06-2007 at 07:26 PM.

  15. #135
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    Default

    Yep

    Software is like entropy. It is difficult to grasp, weighs nothing, and obeys the second law of thermodynamics; i.e., it always increases.
    Norman R. Augustine

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