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Extermination Camp Belsec

Bełżec (approximate Polish pronunciation belw-zets) was the first of the Nazi German extermination camps created for implementing Operation Reinhard during the Holocaust. Operating in 1942, the camp was situated in occupied Poland about half a mile south of the local railroad station Belzec in the Lublin district of the General Government.

At least 434,500 Jews were killed at Belzec, and an unknown number of other Poles and members of the Roma people, and only two Jews are known to have survived Belzec: Rudolf Reder and Chaim Herszman. The lack of survivors may be the reason why this camp is so little known despite its number of victims.