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The River Pishon

Originating in the Hijaz Mountains near Medina, the ancient waterway, currently concealed beneath sand dunes, runs northeast to Kuwait. Dubbed the Kuwait River by its modern discoverer, Farouk El-Baz from Boston University, it once joined the Tigris and Euphrates at the head of the Persian Gulf. Then because of climate changes, it dried up, sometime between 3500-2000 B. C.

Around 6000 to 5000 B.C., there was a period called the Neolithic Wet Phase.



The River Pishon is mentioned in the Bible:

"A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters. The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. The gold of that land is good; the bdellium and onyx stone are there…The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush. The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Asshur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates." - Moses’ description of the Pishon River, Genesis 2:10-14.