Google Earth Explorer
River Nile tour discussion
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River Nile tour
The River Nile, the worlds longest river, is a major north-flowing river in Africa. The Nile River has two major tributaries, the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The Blue Nile are the source of most of the Nile's water and fertile soil. The White Nile are the longest part of the Nile. All in all, the Nile covers more than 6650 kilometers, 4132 miles from the most distant spring to the vast delta of the combined rivers.
The White Nile rises in the Great Lakes region of central Africa, with the most distant sources in southern Rwanda and northern Burundi. The Nile takes it's 5 most southern sources of the White Nile from the Rukarara Nile, Nyabarongo Nile, Akanyaru Nile, Ruvyironza Nile and Ruvubu Nile which confluences into the Kagera Nile. The Kagera Nile has it's estuary into the Victoria lake from the west. The Victoria Nile starts at the northern part of the Victoria lake . Flowing through the Kyogo lake ending up in the Albert lake, the Victoria Nile becomes the Albert Nile at the most northern part of Albert lake. From here, crossing the wetlands and swamps of mid Africa, the Albert Nile changes it's name to the Bahr al Jabal Nile. Finally in mid Sudan ending up in the Bahr al Abyad Nile.
The Blue Nile rises in the northern part of the horn of Africa in eastern Africa. From the east, the Blue Nile's spring is the lake Tana. From there the river makes it's way through the rocky mountain landscape of western Ethiopia and finally joins the White Nile at the city Khartoum in Sudan.
The Flooding of the Nile, an important yearly natural cycle since ancient times mainly in desert areas, has for centuries deposited rich silt on its banks, allowing the habitants along the river, despite the surrounding environment, to grow crops and live along the banks of the Nile.
The name "Nile" originates from Greek "Neilos", which means valley. Ancient Egyptians called the river Ar or Aur (black) due to the colour of the sediment left after the annual river flooding, caused by melting snow and heavy summer rain in the Ethiopian Mountains of the Blue Nile.
The combined Nile north of the confluence of the White and Blue Nile, near the Sudanese capital Khartoum, flows through the desert in the big bend, the worlds biggest river bend, from Sudan into Egypt. The Northern Sudan Nile and Egyptian Nile features almost countless ancient sites of tempels and pyramids.
The Nile Delta is where the River Nile spreads out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea. It is assumed to be one of the world's largest river deltas. The Delta is from south to north approximately 160 kilometres (100 miles) in length, from west to east some 240 kilometres (150 miles) of coastline. The delta has today two main distributaries, the Damietta Nile and the Rosetta Nile. In ancient times there were three main rivers, the water of Pre, the water of Ptah and the water of Amun, also named the Pelusiac, the Sebennytic, and the Canopic branches.
About the "River Nile tour": More than one thousand (1300+) placemarks, in average one every 5,1 km, 3.2 mile, to guide you along the Nile river through or adjacent to the African countries Ethiopia, Zaire, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan and Egypt. Don't forget to check out the folders "Overlays..." with Nile graphic overlays and the "Former Nile / Ancient Flows" outline of the old flows of the Yellow Nile and the Lake Tanganyika Nile. Tour creator: Tom Kjeldsen, created may 2009. Recommended to be viewed as a 'Play tour' in Google Earth with terrain feature enabled.
Last edited by T.Dooley; 10-13-2013 at 06:56 PM.
OK, since there are no comments on this file yet, Iíll offer one: to whit, this is a pretty amazing piece of work.
As an amateur African historian (thatís African history, Iím not an African), Iíve naturally been pretty interested in the Nile, and I can vouch for this fileís interest.
Now, having said that, I do have one relatively minor criticism: this tour follows only the Rukarara and Nyabarongo Rivers as though they are the sole source of the Nile . In fact, there are a number of rivers which feed into the Kagera River and which together constitute the headwaters of the Nile. The Rukarara and Nyabarongo are part of these headwaters, but they also include the Ruvyironza River which rises in Burundi, on the far Northeastern side of Lake Tanganyika, and flows into the Rurubu River. The Rurubu then hooks up with the Nyarabongo to form the Kagera River which ultimately flows into Lake Victoria, out of which flows the White Nile itself.
Notwithstanding, this is still a worthy and commendable contribution, and obviously entailed a lot of research.
Welcome to GEH Peteraboyer, thanks for a fantastic response.
Google Earth Explorer
Hi Peteraboyer, like Appletom, I bid you welcome in this forum. And thank you for a very constructive criticism.
You are completely right. When making the initial version of 'only' 530 placemarks I focused on the 'outline' of the 'entire' nile. This was limited to the 'official' source of the White (Rukarara) Nile spring in the Nyungwe Forest.
Originally Posted by peteraboyer
Like with most rivers, and maybe especially with the Nile, the precise source is a bit diluted :-) since several nearly equal tributaries/rivers forms the Nile during the flow from the source(s) to the delta. In the same way the delta are so big that it consist of two major rivers, each with it's own estuary and beside that hundreds of minor rivers. One could say a reverse of many sources. When working with an area like the 'upper nile' above the the Victoria Lake, you could find a new possible tributary almost every time you zoom in.
I have added placemarks (to a total of 700+) which among many new places adds the Ruvyironza Nile and the Ruvubu Nile which ends up joining the Nyarabongo Nile thus forming the Kagera Nile. This should form the major of the 3(+) White Nile sources. Some of the imagery in the area are currently a bit unsharp, so please allow for 'best bid' on some of the locations. Even in conjunction with other maps, on and offline, these areas of Africa are vast and seems often uninhabited and desolated. You may not be Henry Morton Stanley or David Livingstone but I bet you still can take a tour around there and see areas noone has seen before.
Last edited by T.Dooley; 08-31-2009 at 02:47 PM.
Google Earth Explorer
Since the pinpointing of quite a few Nile River related places back in 2009, I am happy to inform you that this tour has almost doubled to more than 1300 placemarks, all adjusted and re-adjusted to best possible view and information available, along the Nile. I hope this can continue to contribute to a ongoing improved overview of the major sections of this very vast river system.
Can only recommend you to allow yourself a Google Earth tour along this magnificent and diverse river.
Last edited by T.Dooley; 11-14-2011 at 04:59 PM.