Toulon November 1942, France discussion
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Toulon November 1942, France
The scuttled French fleet at Toulon: aerial pictures. On November 28, 1942, the day after the scuttling and firing of the ships of the French fleet in Toulon harbor, photographs were taken by the Royal Air Force. Many of the vessels were still burning so that smoke and shadows obscure part of the scene. But the photographs show, besides the burning cruisers, ship after ship of the contre-torpilleurs and destroyer classes lying capsized or sunk, testifying to the thoroughness with which the French seamen carried out their bitter task. While the vast damage done is shown in these photographs, no exact list of the state of the ships can be drawn up, since the ships themselves cannot be seen in an aerial photograph. Thus the upper deck of the battle cruiser Strasbourg is not submerged, but here are signs that the vessel has settled and is grounded. The key plan C.3296 shows the whereabouts of the majority of the ships and their condition as far as it can be seen from the photographs. Picture shows: damaged and sunk light cruisers and destroyers visible through the shadow and the smoke caused by the burning cruisers
French Navy Scuttling
Day of honour in the Navy for the Parole was fulfilled as no ships felt into German hands but therefore very sad day.
In the evening of this fatal 27th of November 1942, 90% of French Fleet was scuttled (235.000T), including complete High Sea Force. All big vessels were under water or definitively destroyed: 1 Battleship, 2 Battlecruisers, 4 Heavy cruisers, 3 Light cruisers, 1 Seaplane tender, 15 Fast destroyers, 13 Light destroyers, 6 Escorters, 12 Submarines, 9 Patrol boats and Mine sweepers, 19 Auxiliary ships and 1 Training ship. Most of the coastal artillery in the forts surrounding Toulon was destroyed too.
Heavy cruisers "AlgÚrie" and "Dupleix" as well as light cruiser "Marseillaise" will burn for several days, bereaving the whole town of Toulon with black smoke.
All of the few refloated ships were just melted or useless steel and nearly all of them were directly scrapped.
5 submarines escaped from the disaster by disobeying orders, 3 of them rejoined North Africa and returned to operations, 1 rejoined Spain and was interned there, the last one was scutled in free high sea.
The overlay only shows "Appontements Milhaud" where major vessels or division leaders were anchored with Admiral ship "Strasbourg".
If interested in the matter, i've placed a new overlay (with a greater view of the port) which include all ships and fates.
It's named "Toulon 1942 complete overlay"