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Colditz Castle - with overlays

Colditz Castle dates back to about 1200AD but became notorious during World War II as Oflag IVc (Officer's Camp IVc), a prisoner-of-war camp for "incorrigible" allied officers who had repeatedly escaped from other camps. The Nazi SS made Colditz a Sonderlager (high-security prison), the only one of its type within Germany. Reichsmarschall Hermann G÷ring even declared Colditz "escape-proof". This was in part because of its lack of escapes during its term as prison camp in World War I, but mostly due to it being the only German prisoner-of-war camp with more guards than prisoners. Yet despite this audacious claim, there were multiple escapes by British, French, Polish, Dutch, and Belgian inmates.