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The Munich massacre - Olympics 1972

The Munich massacre occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage by the Palestinian terrorist organization Black September ľ a group within Yasser Arafat's Fatah organization. The hostage-takers eventually murdered 11 Israeli athletes, nine of them during a botched German rescue attempt, and one German police officer. Five of the eight kidnappers were also killed by police during the rescue attempt, with the three captured surviving hostage-takers later being released by Germany following the hijacking of a Lufthansa airliner.