Xinjiang’s first desert highway, 522 kilometers long, was opened to traffic in 1995. It is the world’s longest desert highway.
The highway was built in 1995 to move oil from the Tarim Basin, China’s largest inland basin with a total area of 530,000 sq. km. in southern Xinjiang. The basin has a verified reserve of over one billion tons of oil. Seven oilfields there have produced a combined output of 4.6 million tons.