The Ilyushin Il-38 (NATO reporting name: May) is a maritime patrol and anti-submarine warfare aircraft. The Il-38 developed from the Ilyushin Il-18 turboprop transport.
llyushin’s Il-18 turboprop airliner played a significant role in developing the USSR’s air services in the 1960s and 1970s, and has also been adopted for a variety of military roles, ranging from transport , to command post, Elint and maritime patrol.
The most well known military adaptation of the Il-18 is the maritime patrol/ASW Il-38 May. The Il-38 is believed to have flown for the first time in 1967 and about three dozen serve with Russian naval aviation, while five were delivered to India in 1975. Details of the Il-38 are limited, but the airframe is stretched by 4m (1 3ft) over the Il-18 and the wings are moved forward. The tail contains a MAD, while under the forward fuselage a search radar (named ‘Wet Eye’ by NATO) is housed in a bulged radome. There are two internal weapons bays, one forward and one rear of the wing.”