The Odessa crater was formed by a spectacular collision with our planet of an iron meteorite 63,500 years ago.
The Odessa meteorite, named after the town ten miles southwest in western Texas not far from the southeastern corner of New Mexico carved out five clustered craters, four small ones and a larger one. The largest is about 525 feet across and nearly 100 feet deep.
Discovered in 1921, it was only the second meteorite crater identified in the United States. Thousands of fragments of the meteorite have been found, including some in 1935 using one of the world’s first metal detectors. The largest recovered so far weighs 300 pounds, and the fragments have a combined weight of more than 10 tons.
They are composed of about 90 percent iron, 8 percent nickel and a smattering of other elements.