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Eyjafjallajokull

There has been continuous extensive air travel disruption across large parts of Europe since the second eruption of Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull volcano on 14 April 2010, stranding millions of travellers.

The eruption occurred beneath glacial ice, and the cold water from melting ice chilled the lava quickly, causing it to fragment into glass, creating small glass particles that get carried into the eruption plume. This, together with the magnitude of the eruption, sent into the upper atmosphere a plume which is hazardous to aircraft.

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