GDR-Military Prison Schwedt

The military prison Schwedt was the only military prison in the German Democratic Republic and was in the northeast city of Brandenburg Schwedt / Oder. It was the detention of members of the National People’s Army used. The reasons for the detentions are divided equally into normal crimes such as assault or robbery, and crimes such as military command denial, desertion or alcohol at the service. But also soldiers who denied the firing order at the Berlin Wall or the border between Germany and GDR came here after trial.

After the founding of the People’s National Army on 1 March 1956 and the introduction of general conscription, 24 January 1962 was a military justice and the associated enforcement created. It was to relieve the prison in 1954 arranged in a circle command Berndshof Ueckermünde, 1968 in the prison of Schwedt NVA over and converted for their own purposes. In Schwedt penalty was the maximum duration of two years. Prison sentences from two years in ordinary prisons from the Ministry of the Interior dismounted. Schwedt in order to be able to be detained, punished, the court order.

Parallel to the custodial measure was available for military personnel and the Criminal arrest. This was like the deprivation of liberty only by a military court be imposed. As in the GDR law was that prison sentences of at least three months, had closed the criminal arrest, the gap between sentences of one to three months. The penal reform in 1977 was the minimum length of prison sentences to six months, thus also increased the maximum duration of the criminal arrest of three to six months. The penalty had to arrest criminal arrest in military departments will be dismounted. As in Schwedt the only military detention Criminal Division of the GDR was, were all convicted in Schwedt detained. In contrast to the deprivation of liberty was the inmate after the verbüßten no criminal penalty.

The military prison Schwedt was first issued by the Ministry of the Interior administers, in the year 1982, the Ministry of National Defense to manage. In the course of the 14 were officers and 13 police constable of the people, organ prison on 31 December 1982 members of the National People’s Army.

The Ministry of National Defense over 1982 139 inmates who are in 85 prisoners and 54 Arrestanten split. The maximum number of occupants of 1982 until the closure is indicated with 800. This suggests, incorporating the maximum penalty period, the average number of 70 inmates out. This is one half to the drop in crime as well as the replacement of criminal arrest by the disciplinary measure service in the disciplinary unit. Finally, there were three companies of the offenders for up to two years and two companies of the disciplinary unit.

On 26 April 1990 was the last military prisoners and dismissed on 31 May 1990 was the establishment is closed. The prisoners in the barracks were demolished in the 1990s, during the two-Office serves as a hostel for homeless people.

The service in the disciplinary unit was a punishment from 1982 by regiment commanders for a duration of one to two months from the division commander and up to three months could be imposed if the military prosecutor and the military court to determine was that the offense under the Penal Code would not significantly gesellschaftswidrig and was therefore subject to judicial punishment was not necessary. For this unit was in the military prison in Schwedt, a new building and the Disciplinary Unit 2 was created. Was the penalty for military crimes and crimes which were misdemeanors. Overall, the number of detainees, these disciplinary unit from 1982 until the end have gone through the man is estimated at 2500. This is incorporating maximum penalty of three months, an average company strength of 70 men during the arrest, it was the inmates are not allowed to receive visits. Kompanie criminal and disciplinary unit in the building were housed separately. The occupants of the disciplinary unit were obliged to work. Outside of work, the military training. In order to prevent contacts between prisoners and the disciplinary unit was working in the inter-layer rhythm.

In the grounds of the military prison Schwedt was a factory building in which the detainees under unhealthy conditions Superstructures for military vehicles by coating of pressed glass wool fiber with epoxy resin manufactured. Besides the operational subsidiaries of the NVA, repair work Pinnow (IWP), a carpenter, in which the prisoners ammunition boxes produced.

Since the disciplinary unit a very deterrent effect achieved, declined in the years 1980 to 1982 the registered crimes in the NVA by 19 percent. As with the criminal detention, the arrest was not the criminal record, only the period of detention had to be nachgedient.

Compared to the normal daily schedule of service NVA were in the disciplinary unit with a displacement of time by two hours, so were the soldiers of the NVA on weekdays normal clock awakened at 6:00 and at 22:00 clock night was calm. In the disciplinary unit, they were already awakened 4:00 clock and 20:00 clock night was calm.




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