Jacques Cartier (December 31, 1491 – September 1, 1557) was a French explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France. He was the first European to describe and map the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River, which he named “The Country of Canadas”, after the Iroquois names for the two big settlements he saw at Stadacona (Quebec City) and at Hochelaga (Montreal Island).
In 1541, before his last trip to Canada, Cartier acquired a small XVth century farm house
After his last trip he transformed the farm house into a splendid country manor. The new addition to the house contained a third floor with a tower adding opulence to the house. Therefore, we often refer to cartier’s manor as the first Malouinière.
After the last vayages, Cartier split his time between his residence in Saint-Malo, on Buhen Street (now Chateaubriand street) and his manor, the only remaining where Cartier lived.
At the biginning of the XVIIth century, the manor become a farm house and remained as such until 1978 when it was made to a museum to honour Cartier.